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CMNS News - December 2013 and January 2014

Vol. 4, No. 1 December-January 2014
The College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences
Jayanth Banavar, Dean Mary Kearney, Editor

In Memoriam:
Honors and Awards:
What's New:
Journal Articles:
In the News:
Alumni News:


Marshall Ginter (IPST) passed away December 9 at his home in Laurel, Maryland. Ginter, who joined the Institute for Molecular Physics of the University of Maryland in 1966 was an energetic and productive scientist, who made important contributions to the understanding of highly excited Rydberg states in small molecules. He welcomed new ideas and mentored many students and colleagues as well as contributing to the field through extensive national and international collaborations. For his distinguished contributions, he received an honorary doctorate from California State University, Chico CA. Marshall became Emeritus Professor in 2008 and continued active research well into 2012.


Jennifer Casaregola (2000 B.A. English) has joined the CMNS Development Office as the new Coordinator for Events and External Relations. Casaregola has served as an event planner and protocol officer for National Conference Services, Inc. and the United States State Department. She has managed high level military and government projects in the United States, Italy and Poland. Jennifer plans to complete a certificate program in Event Planning from George Washington University in 2014.

Abby Robinson (2002 B.S. Agricultural Engineering, 2007 Ph.D. Biological Resources Engineering) has joined the Dean's Office as Director of Communications for the College. A science writer and editor with experience in press releases, print, and social media, Robinson served as a communications officer at Georgia Tech and has authored journal articles, book chapters and conference proceedings.


Gretchen Campbell (JQI and NIST) has been awarded a 2013 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest honor bestowed by the United States Government. Established by President Clinton in 1996, the awardees are selected for "...their pursuit of innovative research at the frontiers of science and technology and their commitment to community service as demonstrated through scientific leadership, public education, or community outreach."

Rama Chellappa (UMIACS, ECE and Computer Science) and Dana Nau (Computer Science and UMIACS) have been elected Fellows of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM): Chellappa for his contributions to image processing, computer vision, and pattern recognition and Nau for his contributions to automated search and planning. The 2013 Fellows will be formally recognized at the annual ACM Awards Banquet, June 21, 2014, San Francisco. Further information can be found on the ACM Awards site.

David Doermann (Computer Science and UMIACS) has been elected a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for contributions to research and development of automatic analysis and processing of document page imaging. The IEEE Grade of Fellow is conferred by the Board of Directors upon a person with an extraordinary record of accomplishments in any of the IEEE fields of interest.

Michael Doyle (Chemistry & Biochemistry) has been awarded the Hillebrand Prize by the Chemical Society of Washington (CSW). The prize, awarded annually for original contributions to the science of chemistry, is the most prestigious honor given by the CSW and recognized nationally as a mark of significant accomplishment in chemistry.

James Farquhar (Geology) is the recipient of the 2014 Science Innovation Award from the European Association of Geochemistry. The award, which in 2014 is named after Samuel Epstein, is bestowed upon scientists who have recently made a particularly important and innovative breakthrough in geochemistry. See

Drew Gerkey (SESYNC) has been awarded a Junior Scholar Prize by the Anthropology and Environment Society, a section of the American Anthropological Association, for his 2013 article "Cooperation in Context: Public Goods Games and Post-Soviet Collectives in Kamchatka, Russia," which appeared in Current Anthropology 54(2): 144–176. The award is given annually to an early-career scholar for an exemplary article in the area of environmental anthropology.

Jonathan Katz (Computer Science and UMIACS) has been named one of the Daily Record's 50 Influential Marylanders for 2014. Katz was noted for his leadership role at the Maryland Cybersecurity Center, one of 15 centers and labs in UMIACS. Created in 2006 to honor people who have made truly significant impacts in their fields and continue to be leaders in Maryland, the awardees are selected by the Daily Record's editors.

Rami Kishek (IREAP and ECE) has been elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society in recognition of his "...ground breaking theory of multipactor discharge, and for contributions to the understanding of physics of space-charge-dominated beams."

Undergraduate student Vicky Lai (Computer Science) was selected as a finalist for a Computing Research Association's 2014 Outstanding Undergraduate Research Awards. This award program recognizes undergraduate students in North American colleges and universities who show outstanding research potential in an area of computing research.

Jan Plane (Computer Science) has been named a finalist for the Women in Technology's 15th Annual Leadership Award, Social Impact IT category. The program honors outstanding women working in the greater Washington D.C. region "...who have exemplified unique vision, leadership and profound success in the technology industry." Winners will be announced at the Leadership Awards Banquet, April 3 in Reston, VA. More information:

Computer Science Graduate student Mohammad Rastegari was a finalist for the 2014-2015 Facebook Fellowship. The fellowships " emerging research leaders who demonstrate potential to advance our mission of making the world more open and connected. "

Chris Reynolds (Astronomy) has received a Simons Foundation Fellowship, which provides "... funds to faculty for up to a semester long research leave from classroom teaching and administrative obligations. Such leaves can increase creativity and provide intellectual stimulation." Reynolds has also been elected to Vice-Chair (and Chair in two years) of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the American Astronomical Society.

Elaine Shi (Computer Science and UMIACS) has been named a finalist of the Microsoft Faculty Research Fellowship. This fellowship recognizes innovative, promising new faculty members who have "exceptional talent for research and innovation in computer science [that] identifies them as emerging leaders in their fields."

The Ecological Society of America's 2014 recipients of its annual Graduate Student Policy Award include Brittany West Marsden, a MEES doctoral candidate working with Maile Neel (Entomology). The student awardees will participate in policy training sessions as well as meetings with decision-makers on Capitol Hill in April.


Michael A'Hearn (Astronomy), Southwest Research Institute, $120,800 in additional funding bringing the total award to $349,414, "Rosetta ALICE Science Team Co-Investigator."

Michael A'Hearn (Astronomy), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $120,000 in additional funding bringing the total award to $3,247,253, "Small Bodies Node (SBN) of NASA's Planetary Data Systems (PDS)."

Tom Antonsen (Physics and IREAP) and Gennady Milikh (Astronomy), Air Force Office of Scientific Research, $249,511, "Collaborative Research on Novel High Power Sources for, and Physics of, Ionospheric Modification."

Samrat Bhattacharjee, David Levin and Neil Spring (Computer Science and UMIACS), Maryland Procurement Office, $197,999, "E-VERIFY: LTS DO 0009: Securing Critical Networking Infrastructure: DNS Root Servers."

Charon Birkett (ESSIC), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $230,545 in additional funding bringing the total award to $394,962, "The Global Reservoir and Lake Monitor (GRLM): Expansion and Enhancement of Water Height Products."

Charon Birkett (ESSIC), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $120,279 in additional funding bringing the total award to $251,934, "Multiple Radar Altimetry Data Sets to Serve Inland Water Projects."

Antonio Busalacchi (AOSC and ESSIC), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $88,938 in additional funding bringing the total award to $9,009,199, "Collaborative Earth System Science Research between NASA/GSFC and UMCP."

Antonio Busalacchi (AOSC and ESSIC), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $233,193, Sequence 25 and 26, in additional funding bringing the total award to $1,943,281, "Collaborative Earth System Science Research between NASA/GSFC and UMCP."

James Carton and Semyon Grodsky (AOSC), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $165,271 in additional funding bringing the total award to $467,681, "Mesoscale Eddies and Their Role in Regulation of High Salinity Pools in the Subtropical Gyres."

Michael Cox (UMIACS), Dana Nau and Donald Perlis (Computer Science and UMIACS), Army Research Office, $150,000 in additional funding bringing the total award to $350,000, "The Metacognitive Loop and Learning Goal States."

John Cumings (Physics, Maryland NanoCenter and Materials Science & Engineering), H. Dennis Drew (Physics and Maryland NanoCenter ), Michael Fuhrer (Physics) with Engineering faculty member Raymond Phaneuf, Maryland Procurement Office, $115,000 in additional funding bringing the total award amount to $1,564,426, "Nano-electronics."

Sankar Das Sarma and Ian Spielman (Physics and JQI), Army Research Office, $107,250 in additional funding bringing the total award to $438,970, "MURI: Atomtronics: Material and Device Physics of Quantum Gases."

Howard Elman (Computer Science and UMIACS), DOE-Office of Science, $250,000 in additional funding bringing the total award to $500,000, "Fast Computational Algorithms for Partial Differential Equations and Uncertainty Quantification."

John Fourkas (Chemistry & Biochemistry and IPST), NIST, $1,725,869 in additional funding bringing the total award to $2,674,952, "UMCP/NIST Professional Research Experience Program to Undergraduates, Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Researchers."

John Fourkas (Chemistry & Biochemistry and IPST), NIST, $464,131, Sequence 5, in additional funding bringing the total award to $1,885,048, "UMCP/NIST Professional Research Experience Program to Undergraduates, Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Researchers.

John Fourkas (Chemistry & Biochemistry and IPST), Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company (3M), $100,000, "Negative-contrast Photoresists for Superresolved Lithography."

Michael Fuhrer (Physics), Sankar Das Sarma (Physics and JQI) and William Cullen (Physics), Office of Naval Research, $412,489 in additional funding bringing the total award to $4,195,823, "Tailoring Electronic Properties of Graphene at the Nanoscale."

David Fushman (Chemistry & Biochemistry and UMIACS), NIH-National Institute of General Medical Sciences, $265,676 in additional funding bringing the total award to $845,734, "Solution Structure and Dynamics of Polyubiquitin Chains."

Joseph JaJa (UMIACS, SESYNC and ECE), University of California-San Diego, $228,536, "Chronopolis Staffing Support for the Digital Preservation Network."

Christopher Jarzynski (Chemistry & Biochemistry and IPST), University of California, Davis, $139,030 in additional funding bringing the total award to $209,409, "MURI: Information Engines: Nanoscale Control, Computing and Communication Out of Equilibrium."

Paul Julienne and Sankar Das Sarma (Physics and JQI), AFOSR-Air Force Office of Scientific Research, $483,293 in additional funding bringing the total amount to $4,123,999, "Ultracold Polar Molecules: New Phases of Matter for Quantum Information and Quantum Control."

Xin-Zhong Liang (AOSC and ESSIC), Howard University, $133,000, "CWRF Model Development for Climate Services."

Kevin McIver (Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics) NIH-National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Disease, $329,346, Sequence 6 additional funding, bringing the total amount to $884,993, "PRD-containing Virulence Regulators of Pathogenic Streptococci."

Jonathan McKinney (Physics and JSI), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $165,000, "Multi-scale Plasma Flows Around Black Holes."

Atif Memon (Computer Science and UMIACS), Air Force Research Laboratory, $241,867 in additional funding bringing the total award to $365,806, "Specialized Binary Analysis for Vetting Android Apps using GUI Logic."

Gennady Milikh (Astronomy), John Rodgers (IREAP), Dennis Papadopoulos (Astronomy and Physics) and Tom Antonsen (Physics and IREAP), Air Force Office of Scientific Research, $131,250, "Collaborative Research on Novel High Power Sources for, and Physics of, Ionospheric Modification."

Christopher Monroe (Physics and JQI) and Edo Waks (JQI, IREAP and ECE), Army Research Office, $505,000 in additional funding bringing the total to $5,385,950, "Quantum-optical Circuits of Hybrid Quantum Memories."

Martin Vol Moody (Physics), Gedex, $112,500 in additional funding bringing the total award to $614,095, "Three-axis Superconducting Gravity Gradiometer Research Program."

Lee Mundy (Astronomy), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $1,785,914 in additional funding bringing the total award to $1,887,922, "The Goddard Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology."

Edward Ott (Physics, IREAP and ECE) and Michelle Girvan (Physics, IPST and IREAP), Army Research Office, $100,000 in additional funding bringing the total award to $390,500, "The Role of Network Structure in the Dynamics of Discrete State Systems."

Nicolas Picot-Clemente (IPST) and Eun-Suk Seo (Physics and IPST), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $100,685, "Investigation of Cosmic Ray Transport and Search for Exotic Matter."

Rachel Pinker (AOSC), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $154,842 in additional funding bringing the total award to $307,696, "Integration of Satellite Products of Radiative Fluxes in Support of Hydrological Modeling."

Mihai Pop (Computer Science and UMIACS), University of Maryland-Baltimore, $200,000 in additional funding bringing the total award to $653,925, "Metagenomics-based Discovery of New Viral Pathogens Causing Diarrheal Disease."

Ross Salawitch (AOSC, Chemistry & Biochemistry and ESSIC) and Timothy Canty (AOSC), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $162,035 in additional funding bringing the total award to $366,260, "Assessing and Improving Models of Atmospheric Ozone."

Eun-Suk Seo (Physics and IPST), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $165,000 in additional funding bringing the total to $900,000, "Approaching the Cosmic Ray Knee with the CREAM Balloon-Borne Experiment."

Ian Spielman (Physics and JQI), Army Research Office, $1,078,798 in additional funding bringing the total award to $2,213,571 "MURI: Atomtronics: Material and Device Physics of Quantum Gases."

V.S. Subrahmanian and Dana Nau (Computer Science and UMIACS), Army Research Office, $125,000 in additional funding bringing the total award to $1,200,000, "Data-driven Game Theory."

Sergei Sukharev (Biology and Maryland NanoCenter), Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, $175,000 in additional funding bringing the total award to $350,000, "Autonomic Biomolecular Materials for Sensing, Actuation, and Energy Conversion."

Juying Xie Warner (AOSC), NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, $208,170 in additional funding bringing the total award to $601,953, "Uncertainty Analysis of Tropospheric Carbon Monoxide Data Records Using AIRS and IASI From a Uniform Algorithm."

Fred Wellstood (Physics and JQI), Neocera, Inc., $140,644 in additional funding bringing the total award to $777,422, "E-VERIFY: Magnetic Field Imaging for Stacked Chip 3D Fault Isolation."


At the 2014 Joint Mathematics Meeting in Baltimore, Caleb Ashley (postdoc), Michelle Lee (Brin Postdoctoral Fellow), Melissa Macasieb (Visiting Professor) and Andrew Sanders (2013 Ph.D. Mathematics, advisor William Goldman) organized an AMS (American Mathematical Society) special session "Deformation Spaces of Geometric Structures on Low-Dimensional Manifolds". Among the speakers were Graduate students Son Lam Ho and Terence Long, and alumni Todd Drumm (1990 Ph.D. Mathematics), Adam Sikora (2000 Ph.D. Mathematics), and Anton Lukyanenko (2007 B.S., 2008 M.A., Mathematics).

The Norbert Wiener Center for Harmonic Analysis and Applications will host the 2014 February Fourier Talks (FFT), February 20-21, with the keynote address by Nathan Crone of Johns Hopkins University. Other speakers scheduled include Ronald DeVore, Texas A&M (Norbert Wiener Distinguished Lecturer) and Gerald Folland, University of Washington (Norbert Wiener Colloquium speaker). The annual FFT brings together researchers from academia, government, and industry as a means to spur innovation and foster interaction in Harmonic Analysis and its Applications. More information can be found at

Bill Arbaugh (Computer Science and UMIACS) has been named the Keynote speaker at INFILTRATE 2014 conference. INFILTRATE, to be held in Miami Beach, May 15-16, is a cybersecurity conference focusing on offensive R&D, and is the "single-most important event for those who are focused on the technical aspects of offensive security issues." Arbaugh's keynote is entitled "Red Team Deadwood: Why Red Teams are useless."

Michael Boylan-Kolchin (Astronomy) co-authored a paper that appears on Discover Magazine's "100 top stories of 2013." The story, which comes in at No. 90 on the list, involves the discovery of Segue 2, the smallest known galaxy – in comparison, it is 10 million times smaller than our Milky Way.

Antonio Busalacchi (ESSIC and AOSC) was quoted in a recent "Spoon University" feature on champagne's past, present, and future. The article addressed the popular year-end celebratory wine and how climate change may eventually alter its heritage. For further information: Bubbly Bliss: Champagne Past, Present and Future. Busalacchi is also featured in a "soon to be released" article in Science News entitled "Grape Expectations." The article addresses his on-going study regarding climate change and its impact on the world's wine-growing regions.

Bonnie Dorr (Computer Science and UMIACS) presented her research on human language technologies at the DARPA Congressional Tech Showcase, January 9, to an audience that included members of Congress and several committees including the U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services. Dorr was one of three program managers from the DARPA Information Innovation Office to present at the agency's Tech Showcase.

Sinead Farrell (ESSIC) delivered an invited presentation entitled "A Decade of Arctic Sea Ice Thickness Change from Airborne and Satellite Altimetry" at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, 9-13 December, San Francisco, CA. Farrell also co-chaired three meeting sessions.

Michael Fisher (Physics and IPST) has being elected to serve on the Executive Committee of the Mid-Atlantic Section (M-AS) of the American Physical Society (APS). Recently established, the Mid-Atlantic Section (M-AS) has the goal of strengthening the physics community in its region and to aid APS in its mission to advance and diffuse the knowledge of physics at the regional level.

William Goldman and Richard Wentworth (Mathematics) were Plenary Speakers at the Character Varieties and Geometric Structures workshop, December 16-20, held at Howard University. Speakers included Postdoctoral associates Caleb Ashley and Michelle Lee and Graduate student Jean-Philippe Burelle.

Raymond St. Leger (Entomology) was an invited speaker at the Keystone conference "Mechanisms and consequences of invertebrate-microbe interactions" held in Tahoe City, CA, January 26-30. His talk was entitled "Using Entomopathogenic Fungi to Control Arthropod Borne Pathogens."

Ludmilla Kolokolova (Astronomy) was interviewed by the Voice of Russia (American Edition), December 23, answering questions about the most exciting events associated with space exploration in 2013. To hear the interview:

William Kirwan (Mathematics and Chancellor, University System of Maryland) served as a panelist on "Online Courses: Benefits and Pitfalls," at the Joint Mathematics Meetings, Wednesday, January 15, Baltimore, MD.

In honor of George Lorimer's 70th birthday and his seminal contributions to the chaperone field, the Chaperones 2014 symposium was held on January 13 in Arolla, Switzerland. Lorimer (Chemistry & Biochemistry, IPST and Maryland NanoCenter) gave a talk entitled "Protein Folding, In and Out of Anfinsen's Closet." Dave Thirumalai (Chemistry & Biochemistry and IPST) gave the last talk and the closing remarks.

Wolfgang Losert (Physics, IREAP and IPST) presented "Physics of Cancer" at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) on Princeton University's Forrestal campus, January 18. The program is part of PPPL's "Science on Saturday" public lecture series.

Rabindra Mohapatra (Physics and JSI) has been selected to serve on the editorial advisory board of Nuclear Physics B (Elsevier) for three years (2014-2017).

Raghu Murtugudde (AOSC and ESSIC) was an invited distinguished scientist by the Government of India Department of Science and Technology, Innovation in Science - Pursuit of Inspired Research (INSPIRE) conference, December, 2013. Murtugudde also convened a Town Hall Meeting at the December 2013 AGU Fall meeting in San Francisco, CA., entitled "Opportunities in Earth System Science in India." The Town Hall meeting attracted over 100 participants to discuss the opportunities and challenges in Earth System Science research and education in India.

Arthur Popper (Biology) has been appointed editor of Acoustics Today, a magazine published by the Acoustical Society of America. Acoustics Today is a quarterly publication distributed internationally in the acoustics community and covers all aspects of acoustics from the physical to the biological. The articles are written by researchers, but directed at a more general audience. The articles in Acoustics Today are now open access, and part of Popper's plans are to increase the web presence of the magazine. He also is developing plans to make the magazine, and its articles, useful and usable for teaching about acoustics.

Raj Roy (Physics, IPST and IREAP) was a presenter, "Seeing the Light: The Art and Science of Optical (Visual) Illusions," at the IIT Bombay Techfest 2014, Tech-a-tete session, January 5. On January 10, he gave a talk, "Optical Networks and Chimera States," at the Visva-Bharati University, Shantiniketan, India, followed by January 13 talks at both St. Stephen's College, Delhi and Delhi University.

Eitan Tadmor (CSCAMM, Math and IPST) delivered the SIAM invited address "On variational formulation of entropy solutions to nonlinear conservation laws" at the 2014 Joint Mathematics Meeting held in Baltimore, January 15-18, 2014. Additionally, Tadmor, Pierre-Emmanuel Jabin (Mathematics and ESSIC) and Konstantina Trivisa (Mathematics and IPST) ran an associated minisympsia, "New Developments with Entropic Solutions to Nonlinear Conservations Laws." At the SIAM PDEs meeting held in Orlando, FL, December 7-10, Tadmor delivered the Mini-tutorial "Kinetic Descriptions of Multiscale Phenomena in Collective Dynamics.

Dave Thirumalai (Chemistry & Biochemistry and IPST) and Michael Fisher (Physics and IPST) were invited speakers at the 110th Statistical Mechanics Conference held at Rutgers University, December 15–December 17, 2013. Their talks were entitled "Effects of Proximity and Connectivity: Superfluid Helium Boxes and Layered Ising Models" and "Filtering Noise in a Biological Signaling Network" respectively.

Millard Alexander (Chemistry & Biochemistry and IPST) et al., "The rate of the F + H2 reaction at very low temperatures," Nature Chemistry, January 12 online.

Michael Brown (Geology) and colleagues, "Delamination and recycling of Archaean crust caused by gravitational instabilities," Nature Geoscience, December 1 online.

Anna Brunner (Astronomy and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center) et al., "Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars," Science, December 9 online.

Hector Corrada-Bravo (Computer Science and UMIACS), et al., "RNA-sequencing of the brain transcriptome implicates dysregulation of neuroplasticity, circadian rhythms and GTPase binding in bipolar disorder," Molecular Psychiatry, January 7 advance online.

Drake Deming (Astronomy) et al., "Exoplanet Transit Spectroscopy Using WFC3: WASP-12b, WASP-17b, and WASP-19b," The Astrophysical Journal, December 2013 edition.

Drake Deming (Astronomy) et al., "A featureless transmission spectrum for the Neptune-mass exoplanet GJ 436b," Nature, January 1 online.

Drake Deming (Astronomy) et al., "Clouds in the atmosphere of the super-Earth exoplanet GJ 1214b," Nature, January 1 online.

David Fisher, Alberto Bolatto (Astronomy and JSI), Graduate students Rodrigo Herrera-Camus and Jessica Donaldson and colleagues, "The rarity of dust in metal-poor galaxies," Nature, December 8.

Daniel Gruner (Entomology) with BEES Graduate student Alexander Forde and colleagues at the Smithsonian Institution and Brown University, "Poleward expansion of mangroves is a threshold response to decreased frequency of extreme cold events," PNAS-early edition, December 30, 2013.

Mohammad Hafezi, Alan Migdall, Jacob Taylor (JQI) and Graduate student Sunil Mittal, "Imaging Topological Edge States in Silicon Photonics," Nature Photonics, December issue. The article was featured on the cover.

BEES Graduate student Nathan Jud (advisor Charles Mitter) with Leo Hickey (Deceased, Yale University), "Potomacapnos Apeleutheron Get. Et Sp. Nov., A New Early Cretaceous angiosperm from the Potomac Group and its Implications for the Evolution of Eudicot Leaf Architecture," American Journal of Botany, December 2013 issue.

Kevin McIver and Yoann Le Breton (Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics and the Maryland Pathogen Research Institute), with collaborator Emanuel Hanski and his research group at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, "An Extracellular Bacterial Pathogen Modulates Host Metabolism to Regulate Its Own Sensing and Proliferation," Cell, January 16 issue.

Patrick Roos, Dana Nau (Computer Science and UMIACS, James Ryan Carr (2013 Ph.D. Computer Science) with Michele Gelfand (Psychology), "High strength-of-ties and low mobility enable the evolution of third-party punishment," Proceedings of the Royal Society B, December 11.

Raymond St. Leger (Entomology) with colleagues from China lead by Dr. Weiguo Fang (College of Life Science, Zhejiang University), "Unveiling the mechanism by which microsporidian parasites prevent locust swarm behavior," PNAS, January 14.

Jiang-Bin Ke and Joshua Singer (Biology) with colleagues, "Adaptation to Background Light Enables Contrast Coding at Rod Bipolar Cell Synapses," Neuron, January 22.

Jessica Sunshine (Astronomy) et al., "Olivine in an unexpected location on Vesta's surface," Nature, December 5 edition.

Masato Yoshizawa and William Jeffery (Biology) et al., "Cryptic Variation in Morphological Evolution: HSP90 as a Capacitor for Loss of Eyes in Cavefish, Science, Science, December 13.


An undergraduate astronomy class for non-astronomy majors made a rare discovery that wowed professional astronomers: a previously unstudied asteroid is actually a pair of asteroids that orbit and regularly eclipse one another. Melissa Hayes-Gehrke, who teaches the hands-on class, said that the two asteroids are probably roughly potato-shaped and pocked with impact craters made by strikes from other space debris. Media coverage included Nature World News, French Tribune, Science Recorder, RedOrbit, International Business Times, Science World Report and Nanowerk.

On December 13 Physics World awarded the 2013 Breakthrough of the Year to "the IceCube South Pole Neutrino Observatory for making the first observations of cosmic neutrinos." On December 19 Scientific American ranked the IceCube detector number 6 in their "Top 10 Science Stories of 2013." UMD contributors to the IceCube collaboration include Greg Sullivan and Kara Hoffman, Erik Blaufuss, John Felde, Jordan Goodman, Henrike Wissing, Alex Olivas, Donald La Dieu, and Torsten Schmidt and Graduate students Elim Cheung, Robert Hellauer, Ryan Maunu, and Michael Richman.

An image from an article published in Nature on July 25, 2013 and co-authored by Astronomy faculty Alberto Bolatto, Steven Warren, Sylvain Veilleux, David Fisher et al., "Suppression of star formation in the galaxy NGC 253 by a starburst-driven molecular wind" was included in Nature's '365 days: Images of the Year' special, published on December 19.

Drake Deming (Astronomy) was quoted in two stories in the Christian Science Monitor, December 4 on researchers, using the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Camera 3, finding evidence of water in the atmosphere of five "hot Jupiter" planets: WASP-17b, HD209458b, WASP-12b, WASP-19b and XO-1b.

Daniel Gruner (Entomology) was quoted in the New York Times, December 30, in an article on the recent publication in PNAS (see above) on the poleward expansion of mangroves on the east coast of Florida. Media coverage included Science Times,, Science Recorder, Times of India and News Tonight Africa.

The first results from the LUX dark matter experiment were featured in Nature magazine's 2013 Year in Review, December 18. The UMD LUX group is led by Carter Hall (Physics) and team members Graduate students Attila Dobi, Richard Knoche, and Jon Balajthy.

Christopher Jarzynski (Chemistry & Biochemistry and IPST) was quoted in Nature News-Cosmology, December 12, in an article on research conducted by Abraham Loeb (Harvard) and published on arXiv suggesting that liquid water could have formed on rocky planets 15 million years after the big bang.

Sujay Kaushal (Geology and ESSIC) was interviewed on Northeast Public Radio, December 20, regarding his August 2013 study on how acid rain is making Northeast U.S. rivers and streams less acidic. Kaushal's interview and an accompanying article on his study are available at the WAMC web-site.

Jonathan McKinney (Physics and JQI) was quoted in the Nature-News article "Astrophysics: the heart of darkness," January 15. The article discussed Earth's closest black hole, "Sagittarius A*, and Einstein's theory of relativity.

Robert Olling (Astronomy) was quoted in Nature-News, January 14, in an article on NASA's Kepler mission. Olling, who found two (2) type la supernovae after a two-year survey of some 400 galaxies in Kepler's field, reported his findings at the January meeting of the American Astronomical Society.

Jim Purtilo (Computer Science) was quoted in Tech News World, December 9, in an article on the NSA and UK counterpart GCHQ monitoring the activities of online gamers. "...So many records are preserved for traffic analysis these days that investigators can work back to reconstruct social networks just as soon as one party becomes of interest."

Anand Ramanathan (ESSIC) was featured in the "NextGenVoices" section of the January 3rd edition of Science. His short piece on the laser was in reply to the question: "What recent discovery in your field will still be remembered 200 years from now and why?"

Roald Sagdeev (Physics and IPST) was quoted in Science, News & Analysis, December 6, in an article on the reforms taking place in the Russian Academy of Science. " exodus of young scientists from Russia is unavoidable."

Ross Salawitch (AOSC, Chemistry & Biochemistry and ESSIC) was quoted in R&D Magazine, January 8, in an article on NSF's Convective Transport of Active Species in the Tropics (CONTRAST), a western Pacific Ocean project. Salawitch, a PI, said "...We will attempt to stage ... three airplanes in harmony to measure the atmospheric composition over the western pacific when both ocean biology and atmospheric storms are raging."

The recently published book "Indian Mujahideen: Computational Analysis and Public Policy," co-authored by V.S. Subrahmanian (Computer Science and UMIACS) was reviewed in the "The Hindu" a prominent national daily in India, on January 7. Published by Springer in November 2013, the book "...rightly posits that intelligence failures are of two kinds. The first is of failure to provide advance information and the second is failure to see the whole picture from available facts." Co-authors include R. K. Raghavan, a former director of India's Central Bureau of Investigation.

Gregory Sullivan (Physics) and Drake Deming (Astronomy) were quoted in The Washington Post, December 25, in an article titled "Area scientists speak out on issues of cosmic importance."

Victor Yakovenko (Physics and JQI), with co-authors Scott Lawrence (undergraduate) and Qin Liu (Graduate student), published an article entitled "Global inequality in energy consumption from 1980 to 2010" in the interdisciplinary open-access journal "Entropy," December 16 edition. Subsequent to the article, Yakovenko will be interviewed on The Brian Lehrer Show (Public Intellectual segment), on February 3. Media coverage includes The Statesman (IN), Silo Breaker, Health Medicine Network, Energy Daily, Chem Europe and Science Daily.


Research conducted by Allison Coffin (2005 Ph.D. Biology, advisor Arthur Popper) and colleague Christine Portfors, was the subject of an article in The Columbian, January 2. Using mice and zebrafish, the scientists are studying the genetics and brain science of hearing, with the hope that the research "...may lead to new drugs that allow the brain to process hearing more effectively, and to ways that could prevent hearing loss in the first place." Coffin is an Assistant Professor, Neuroscience Program, Washington State University Vancouver. The article can be found at

J. Donald deBethizy (72. B.S. Biological Sciences) has been appointed the President and Chief Executive Officer of Santaris Pharma. Prior to joining Santaris Pharma, deBethizy, who went on to earn his Ph.D. at Utah State University, co-founded Targacept, and served as its President and CEO for 15 years.

Todd Drumm (1990 Ph.D. Mathematics, advisor Ed Ott) and Sean Lawton (2006 Ph.D. Mathematics, advisor William Goldman) organized the International Workshop on "Character Varieties and Geometric Structures," December 16-20, Howard University. Speakers included Christopher Manon (2009 Ph.D. Mathematics, advisor John Milson) and Adam Sikora (2000 Ph.D. Mathematics, advisor William Goldman).

Terry Gaasterland (1992 Ph.D. Computer Science, advisor Jack Minker) is co-author of Chapter 1 of the book Biological Knowledge Discovery Handbook: Preprocessing, Mining, and Postprocessing of Biological Data, published online December 2013 by John Wiley & Sons. Gaasterland, who is Director of the Scripps Genome Center, University of California, San Diego, was named one of two winners of's 2013 BaseSpace award: an award that is presented for "....developing original ideas required for the "killer" next-generation sequencing app -- a utility or analysis tool to significantly advance genomic understanding."

Christopher Moore (2011 Ph.D. MEES, advisor Mark Castro) with colleagues, published the article "Convective forcing of mercury and ozone in the Arctic boundary layer induced by leads in sea ice," published in Nature, January 15, 2014. The research establishes a link between Arctic sea ice dynamics and the region's changing atmospheric chemistry potentially leading to increased amounts of mercury deposited to the Earth's northernmost and most fragile ecosystems. Moore is a Postdoctoral Fellow at Nevada's Desert Research Institute.

Edward O'Brien (2008 Ph.D. Chemical Physics, advisors David Thirumalai and Bernard Brooks of NIH) was profiled in the Biophysical Society Newsletter, Postdoc Spotlight, December issue. O'Brien is currently a Postdoctoral Associate in the Chris Dobson Lab, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, UK.

Ana Maria Rey (2004 Ph.D. Physics, advisors Charles Clark and Ted Kirkpatrick) and Scott Weaver (2003 M.S. Meteorology, 2007 Ph.D. AOSC, advisor Da-Lin Zhang) have each been awarded a 2013 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest honor bestowed by the United States Government. Awardees are selected for "...their pursuit of innovative research at the frontiers of science and technology and their commitment to community service as demonstrated through scientific leadership, public education, or community outreach."

Tamara Ann Shapiro Ledley (1976 B.S. Astronomy, received the 2013 Excellence in Geophysical Education Award from the American Geophysical Union (AGU) for her "...sustained leadership in Earth systems and climate change education." The award, established in 1995 and acknowledging "..a sustained commitment to excellence in geophysical education by a team, individual, or group" was presented at the AGU Fall Meeting Honors Ceremony held in San Francisco on December 11. A full biography can be found in Eos, Vol. 95, No. 2, 14 January 2014. In 2012 she was awarded the President's Award by the Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP Federation) in recognition of her many accomplishments. Shapiro-Ledley is serving as chair of the Center for Science Teaching and Learning at TERC, Cambridge, MA.

Deepak Sherlekar (1987 Ph.D. Computer Science, advisors Joseph JaJa and Jack Minker) was awarded Synopsys' "2013 Inventor of the Year" Award. This company award is given based on patents filed and granted over the past 3-5 years, the impact the patents have had on the success of the resulting products and are ranked based on the count and strength of worldwide patents which cite them. Sherlekar is a Principal Engineer at Synopsis, Mountain View, CA.

Kyuseok Shim (1993 Ph.D. Computer Science, advisor Timos Sellis) has been elected a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) for contributions to scalable data mining and query processing. Shim is a faculty member in the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Seoul National University, South Korea. The 2013 Fellows will be formally recognized at the annual ACM Awards Banquet, June 21, 2014, San Francisco.




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